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Checklist of Sharks from the Mediterranean Sea


Compiled by Ian K. Fergusson, Trustee, The Shark Trust.
e-Mail: shark.bureau@zoo.co.uk

Order HEXANCHIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Cowsharks
Family HEXANCHIDAE  Gray, 1851: Six-gill and seven-gill sharks
No. Scientific name Authority Common Name
01.Heptranchias perlo (Bonnaterre, 1788).Sharpnose seven-gill shark.
02. Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788).Bluntnose six-gill shark.
03. Hexanchus nakamurai Teng. Sharpnose sixgill shark.
Order SQUALIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Dogfish sharks
Family ECHINORHINIDAE Gill, 1862: Bramble sharks
04.Echinorhinus brucus(Bonnaterre, 1788).Bramble shark.
Family SQUALIDAE Blainville, 1816: Dogfish sharks
05.Centrophorus granulosus(Bloch & Schneider, 1801).Gulper shark.
06.Centrophorus uyato(Rafinesque, 1810).Little gulper shark.
07.Centroscymnus coelopis(Bocage & Capello, 1864).Portuguese dogfish.
08.Dalatias licha(Bonnaterre, 1810).Kitefin shark.
09.Etmopterus spinax(Linnaeus, 1758).Velvet-belly.
10.Somniosus rostratus(Risso, 1826).Little sleeper shark.
11.Squalus acanthias(Smith & Radcliffe, 1912).Piked dogfish.
12.Squalus blainvillei(Risso, 1826).Longnose spurdog.
13.Isistius brasiliensis(Quoy and Gaimard, 1824).Cookiecutter shark.
Family OXYNOTIDAE Gill, 1872: Roughsharks
14.Oxynotus centrina(Linnaeus, 1758).Angular roughshark.
Order SQUATINIFORMES, Angelsharks
Family SQUATINIDAE Bonaparte, 1838: Angelsharks
15.Squatina squatina(Linnaeus, 1758).Angelshark.
16.Squatina aculeata(Dumeril, 1829).Sawback angelshark.
17.Squatina oculata(Bonaparte, 1840).Smoothback angelshark.
Order LAMNIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Mackerel sharks
Family ODONTASPIDIDAE Müller & Henle, 1839: Sandtiger sharks
18.Carcharias taurus(Rafinesque, 1810).Sandtiger or grey nurse shark.
19.Odontaspis ferox(Risso, 1810).Smalltooth sandtiger.
Family CETORHINIDAE Gill, 1862: Basking Sharks
20.Cetorhinus maximus(Gunnerus, 1765).Basking shark.
Family LAMNIDAE Müller & Henle, 1838: White, Mako and Mackerel sharks
21.Carcharodon carcharias(Linnaeus, 1758).Great white shark
22.Isurus oxyrinchusRafinesque, 1810.Shortfin mako.
23.Isurus paucusGuitart-Manday, 1966.Longfin mako.
24.Lamna nasus(Bonnaterre, 1788).Porbeagle.
Family ALOPIIDAE Bonaparte, 1838: Thresher sharks
25.Alopias vulpinus(Bonnaterre, 1788).Thresher shark.
26.Alopias superciliosus(Lowe, 1839).Bigeye thresher shark.
Order CARCHARHINIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Ground sharks
Family SCYLIORHINIDAE Gill, 1862: Catsharks
27.Galeus melastomusRafinesque, 1810.Blackmouth catshark.
28.Scyliorhinus canicula(Linnaeus, 1758).Smallspotted catshark.
29.Scyliorhinus stellaris(Linnaeus, 1758).Nursehound.
Family HEMIGALEIDAE Hasse, 1879: Weasel sharks
30.Paragaleus pectoralis(Garman, 1906).Atlantic weasel shark.(? possible)
Family LEPTOCHARIIDAE Gray, 1851: Barbeled houndsharks
31.Leptocharias smithii(Müller & Henle, 1839).Barbeled houndshark.(?possible)
Family TRIAKIDAE Gray, 1851: Houndsharks
32.Galeorhinus galeus(Linnaeus, 1758).Schoolshark or tope.
33.Mustelus asteriasCloquet, 1821.Starry smoothhound.
34.Mustelus mustelus(Linnaeus, 1758).Smoothhound.
35.Mustelus punctulatus(Risso, 1826).Blackspot smoothhound.
Family CARCHARHINIDAE Jordan & Evermann, 1896: Requiem sharks
36.Carcharhinus brevipinna(Müller & Henle, 1839).Spinner shark.
37.Carcharhinus falciformis(Bibron, 1839).Silky shark.
38.Carcharhinus brachyurus(Gunther, 1870).Copper shark.
39.Carcharhinus limbatus(Valenciennes, 1839).Blacktip shark.
40.Carcharhinus melanopterus(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824).Blacktip reef shark.
41.Carcharhinus obscurus(Lesueur, 1818).Dusky shark.
42.Carcharhinus altimus(Springer, 1950).Bignose shark.
43.Carcharhinus plumbeus(Nardo, 1827).Sandbar shark.
44.Prionace glauca(Linnaeus, 1758).Blue shark.
45.Carcharhinus longimanus(Poey, 1861).Oceanic whitetip shark(?possible).
46.Carcharhinus leucas(Valenciennes, 1839).Bull shark.(?possible).
47.Galeocerdo cuvier(Peron & Lesueur, 1822).Tiger shark.(?possible).
48.Rhizoprionodon acutus(Ruppell, 1837).Milk shark.(?possible)
Family SPHYRNIDAE Gill, 1872: Hammerhead sharks
49.Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834).Scalloped hammerhead.
50.Sphyrna zygaena(Linnaeus, 1758).Smooth hammerhead.
51.Sphyrna tudes(Valenciennes, 1822).Smalleye hammerhead.
52.Sphyrna couardiCadenat, 1950.Whitefin hammerhead.
53.Sphyrna mokarran(Ruppell, 1837).Great hammerhead.
FAUNAL SYNOPSIS, August 1997
Order Hexanchiformes: 3
Order Squaliformes: 11
Order Squatiniformes: 3
Order Lamniformes: 9
Order Carcharhiniformes: 21
CONFIRMED TOTAL: 47
Unconfirmed: 6
Possible Total: 53
Species exceeding 300cm TL: 16
Species potentially dangerous:15
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